A total lunar eclipse will darken Latin America in November

A total lunar eclipse will occur this November and will be the second and last astronomical event of its kind in 2022. The event, which will occur between the Taurid and Leonid meteor showers, will darken the night in many countries in Latin America and elsewhere. of the world.

During a total lunar eclipse, the Earth stands between the Moon and the Sun. This causes the near side of the natural satellite to receive only sunlight filtered through the Earth’s atmosphere, giving it a reddish color (‘blood moon’). ‘) and makes the night darker still.

This lunar eclipse will take place two weeks after the solar eclipse that was glimpsed from Europe and Asia on October 25. Likewise, it will happen days after the Southern Taurids reach their peak of maximum activity.

The ‘blood moon’ was surrounded by dozens of bright stars in Arequipa. Photo: Rodrigo Talavera/La República Arequipa

Where will this lunar eclipse be seen?

This astronomical event will be visible from America, the Pacific Islands, Oceania, and East and Central Asia.

In the case of Latin America, the magnitude of the eclipse and its duration will vary in each country, as can be seen in the following map prepared by Time and Date. The two lightest areas indicate that only a partial eclipse will be seen, that is, that only part of the Moon will enter the shadow of the Earth.

Map of the lunar eclipse of November 8, 2022. Image: Time and Date

Map of the lunar eclipse of November 8, 2022. Image: Time and Date

In this sense, Chile, Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil, Uruguay and eastern Venezuela will be the least favored territories.

When will the November total lunar eclipse be?

The lunar eclipse will happen in the early hours of next November 8th. In the easternmost countries of Latin America, the phenomenon will occur closer to dawn.

For example, Mexico will enjoy from the beginning of the event until the end of the total eclipse before dawn. On the other hand, in Peru, Colombia and Ecuador the entire partial phase will be seen, but only part of the duration of the total phase.

What types of lunar eclipse are there?

There are three types of lunar eclipses, which depend on the amount of Earth’s shadow that falls on the satellite’s surface. These are:

  • Total lunar eclipse: The Moon is located in the innermost part of the shadow of the blue planet.
  • Partial lunar eclipse: The Moon only passes through a part of the Earth’s umbra because the alignment of the planet, its natural satellites, and the Sun is imperfect.
  • penumbral eclipse: The satellite is traveling through the faintest part of Earth’s shadow, also known as the penumbra. Its attenuation is so slight that it is difficult to distinguish it.