Very often we hear people complain of hair loss and “dandruff”, which could be a symptom of seborrheic dermatitiswhich according to the surgeon Dermatologist-Trichologist Elizabeth Corniell It manifests itself through scales on the scalp, mild redness and itchiness in the scalp skin area.
“It is an inflammatory disease of unknown causes, although there are risk factors such as oily skin, androgenic influence, sebaceous secretion and the influence of maternal hormones,” explains the health specialist, specifying that it usually appears in areas such as the scalp. , face (eyebrows, eyelids, nose); ears, thorax or chest, skin areas where there are sebaceous glands that produce Sebum.
Fatigue, extreme weather changes, genetic factors involved; as well as diseases of the central nervous system such as Parkinson’s, depression, diabetes, obesity, cancer patients, high amounts of alcohol consumption, a diet rich in animal fat and AIDS, where the clinical picture is more exaggerated, the specialist cites as other risk factors.
However, not all itching on the scalp is a consequence of this pathology, so medical consultation is necessary. Corniell reveals that a sensation such as itching may be due to the seborrheic dermatitisbut also atopic dermatitis, dermatitis herpetiformis, psoriasis, hair drying at high temperatures, stress, lice, dermatitis due to contact with chemicals such as aggressive shampoos, chemical processes such as dyes, bleaches, permanents, among others such as “curly products that I am seeing very frequently in my medical practice” he indicates.
He warns that if the disease is not treated in time, it alters the hydrolipidic balance, so it can affect hair growth and cause loss, although this type of dermatitis, by itself, should not cause hair loss. No, it does not directly cause hair loss by itself. But if it is known that the seborrheic dermatitis alters the hydrolipidic balance of the scalp, which makes it difficult for hair to grow normally, causing loss; if the treatment is not done on time.
Most frequent treatments
The treatment consists of improving the symptoms and controlling the disease, since this does not have a definitive cure, it is only controlled for periods of time. The use of antifungal shampoo at least twice a week is recommended, mild steroidal lotions for itching, keratolytics in some more severe cases, says Dr. Elizabeth Corniell.
While, for infants, it is recommended to use natural oils to soften the scab, then proceed to wash the scalp every day and comb it with a soft brush for babies, where little by little the scab will fall off.