The scientific method is presented with a neutral and rational approach that promotes human progress, however, it must be recognized that those who do science are people, and that they can be influenced by beliefs, values and prejudices that they have often ignored or marginalized. to groups of people in the investigative processes.
A case of this is when it elevates “man” to a universal category, establishing a hierarchy of power that has allowed this group to dominate and subordinate other groups of beings throughout history.
In 1997, ten drugs were withdrawn from the US market because eight of them posed too many risks to women’s health. Despite having been approved in clinical trials (only in men and animals), the lack of consideration of the gender perspective in the research and development of these drugs resulted in dangerous side effects for women, which had not been identified in the previous studies. previous clinical studies.
The Pan American Health Organization, an affiliate of the World Health Organization, published a study in 2010 stating that, for decades, research and clinical trials of treatments and drugs prescribed to men and women only involved men, under the assumption that men and women perceive or react to medications in the same way.
Situations like these lead us to reflect on the importance of integrating new perspectives and that they are inclusive, so as not to forget or marginalize the voices of groups that have been silenced throughout history.
The feminist standpoint theory, created by Nancy Hartsock, an American feminist philosopher and theorist known for her Marxist and feminist approach, posits that women’s experience and perspective should also be the starting point for analyzing and understanding the world. (The book Feminist Research, epistemology and methodology and social presentations http://www.reduii.org/cii/?q=node/89 )
This theory holds that women have been excluded and marginalized from decision-making and knowledge production in virtually all fields, and that, as a result, most perspectives and approaches are based on male experience and perspective.
Hartsock also argues that the male view of reality and human experience has been taken as universal and objective in philosophy and other disciplines, leading to the exclusion of women’s voices and perspectives.
In addition, it proposes that women have a unique and valuable experience that must be recognized and valued, and that it is essential to understand reality in its entirety. The feminist perspective highlights the importance of gender equality, social justice, the elimination of discrimination, violence against women, and the promotion of women’s rights in all areas of life.
Feminist standpoint theory in research brings a critical perspective that questions and challenges patriarchal and sexist assumptions in society, culture, and academia. This theory seeks to promote gender equality, inclusion and diversity, and foster a more just and equitable society for all people.
In addition, it makes visible and questions gender inequality and the ways in which it manifests itself in different social, cultural, political and economic spheres.
It is necessary, in the field of science, research and academia, that the studies that are carried out be done from an integral perspective, where the perspective of gender, diversity, race, social classes, are present in the design. and the implementation of scientific studies, because in this way a more complete and precise understanding is allowed. Furthermore, this inclusion can lead to fair and equal policies and practices for all.