Veterinary medicine: is its cost affordable?

Like human beings, pets need special attention and care to have a good quality of life. They present common conditions, typical of their animal condition and it must be taken into consideration that they also get sick and when this happens it represents a great concern for their owners, since in addition to the affective part, they have to assume the expenses for their due and timely care. medical.

Dr. María Del Pilar Hernández assures that many people in times of the Covid-19 pandemic chose to adopt a pet for therapeutic purposes, since it has been shown that interaction with it helps reduce the level of stress. But you must be aware of the responsibility that its maintenance represents.

The veterinary doctor of the Pili’s Vet clinic offers an interesting overview of the cost that having a pet can generate, but first it is appropriate to emphasize that the pathologies in these are classified as bacterial, viral or infectious and parasitic. This is how Dr. Hernández assures, who for this article highlighted some of the most common diseases in canine and feline animals, which are the most cared for by her and her staff.

Bacterial diseases of the intestinal tract in canines are the most common problems and this is due to an inappropriate diet such as foods of human origin that they provide. These can cause symptoms like vomiting and diarrhea. Animals must eat food specific to their condition, so the veterinarian assures it.


Trimetropin sulfa is used to treat some of the canine gastrointestinal problems. Metronidazole, quinfamide and probiotics are also used. According to the specialist, medical care that consists of performing tests plus outpatient treatment ranges between 4,000 and 7,000 pesos. It should be noted that when internment is required, the cost is higher.

In relation to parasitic diseases, the tick is the most common, since we are in a tropical country, and it is the vector of some pathologies such as canine ehrlichiosis, which manifests itself in the blood since the animal can have different types of bleeding and produces internal bleeding. This disease is treated with antibiotics such as doxycycline, which has a great digestive absorption and is administered orally at a dose of 5 mg / kg. Dr. Hernández says that the outpatient treatment of this pathology ranges between 3,520 and 6,000 pesos.

Viral diseases include distemper (canine distemper) and parvovirus. The first pathology is more common in puppies between the first and third month of life. It also occurs in unvaccinated adult animals, which is why Hernández highlights the importance of vaccination. Before applying the vaccine, the animal is dewormed and after 45 days the application is made, which consists of different cycles. The cost per vaccine ranges between RD $ 800.00 and 1,000 pesos. Annual reinforcements range from 1,200 to 1,500 pesos. The second pathology is potentially lethal, contagion is by direct oral / nasal contact from one infected dog to another.

Unfortunately, viruses do not have a treatment that fights them directly, treatment will focus on alleviating the symptoms and supporting your immune system. So says Dr. Hernández.

The cats

In them, the most common disease is Hemobartonella, transmitted by fleas. The treatment is around 4,000 pesos and consists of the application of 50 mg doxycycline. Another disease in cats is feline urological syndrome, which depends on the nutritional quality of the patient. The diagnosis, consultation and urethral catheterization procedure have an approximate cost of 6 thousand to 12 thousand pesos. If the animal requires a urethrostomy (removal of the penis), which includes confinement, the cost is higher.

On the other hand, for some people, a pet’s diet can be expensive. Generally, a minimum treatment of three months and a maximum of six months is required. Some diets are used in pathologies such as feline urological syndrome, says Dr. Hernández.

Regulation of veterinary practice

The practice of veterinary medicine in the country is protected and regulated by the Dominican College of Veterinary Doctors, created by Law No. 173-02, whose articles refer to the regulation and surveillance of professional veterinary activities. Dr. Félix Flores, president of this guild says that there are associations (nuclei) of smaller animals in which category canines and felines fall.

According to the veterinarian, the cost of a consultation ranges from RD $ 1,000.00 to RD $ 1,500.00, and it will depend on the location of the veterinary clinic. These amounts do not include the cost of medicines, which are 90% for human use. Some surgical procedures such as sterilization in females and caesarean sections will depend on the breed of the pet and range from 15 to 18 thousand pesos, and in the interior of the country, they range from 10 thousand to 12 thousand pesos, he says.

Dr. Hernández assures that access to the cost (keeping a pet) is limited for a large part of the population. However, he says that for many, having a pet is a necessity.

Medical insurance

Pet owners can feel relieved as they can opt for the Pet Dr. Plan de Seguras Sura medical insurance, which offers different coverage plans and benefits.

Why the attachment to pets?

Despite how expensive it can be to have a pet, especially a dog or cat, there are those who make great sacrifices to have them and meet all the necessary requirements so that they are well. Every day the tendency of people to own a pet is increasing. There are many reasons, but it is that unconditional affection that pets offer that really awakens people’s attachment to them.

From a psychological point of view, some feel great affection towards animals because of the treatment and affection they receive from them. “What’s more, I go further, I know people who feel more love for their pet than for a person, each one has their motive, but loyalty and that affection without asking for anything in return is the most common reason,” says the psychologist María Gracia Fermín.

That is why it is normal to see some make great expenses in the well-being of their pet. They spare no effort in taking her to the vet, get her vaccinations, deworm her, buy how many things can accommodate her and facilitate a better lifestyle. “It’s like they have a child, keeping their distance. What’s more, sometimes they are more expensive, because there are pets that get very sick and that costs ”, says the specialist.

Right now it is fashionable to have a puppy or a cat at all costs. Great affection is created, and “we see that the owners suffer and go through strong griefs when they lose or die their pet. It is quite a great attachment that one has with the pet ”, he concludes.