What are the types of dehydration

In hotter seasons, it is essential to pay more attention to the hydration. The dehydration it is a state in which the body lacks the fluids it needs. Although it is associated with a lack of sufficient fluid intake, the loss of these can also be caused by some drugs, bleeding, burns and even certain habits that can quickly lead to this problem.

Not all dehydrations are the same, so it is important to determine what type we are talking about.

The dehydration isotonic is the most frequent. You lose the same amount of fluid as electrolytes, mainly sodium and potassium. It is very common in young children and is often associated with some illnesses, such as diarrhea, vomiting, and lack of sufficient fluid intake.

The dehydration hopovolemic has a greater loss of electrolytes than of water. Often more sodium is lost than another element. It is usually caused by: excessive sweating, some types of watery diarrhea, ingestion of large amounts of water without electrolytes and fluid replacement in cases of dehydration isotonic only with water and without electrolytes.

Finally, there is the dehydration hypertonic, in which more water is lost than salt. That is why there is a higher concentration of sodium outside the cells, with which there may be a drag of water towards that area. It can be caused by: low water consumption, excessive sweating, diuretic drugs or high blood sugar that causes an increase in sugar in the urine and forces you to urinate more. While it is more common in patients Adults with diabetes can also present in childhood.



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Depending on the type, grade, and cause, the treatment will vary. If you can drink liquids, it is convenient to use this route so that, little by little, the necessary amount of liquid can be replaced, as long as it is not a case of dehydration serious.

On the other hand, if you are vomiting and you cannot tolerate ingesting anything, you cannot administer fluids by mouth, but it is preferable to opt for channeling and administering fluids directly into the blood.

It is essential to go to a Health in case of suspicion dehydrationEven more so in the case of young children or older adults, in whom the possibility of complications and worsening of their condition is greater. Sip liquids in sips, avoid exposure to heat and sun, and dry or very salty foods.