The Pacific War It was one of the saddest and most remembered moments in the history of Peru. With just 58 years of independence, the country faced Chile in an unequal battle that devastated society.
In difficult times, heroes are usually recognized. In Peru, Miguel Grau Andres Avelino Caceres Y Francisco Bolognese (among others) They appeared with lights of hope, along with so many others who defended the country.
However, there are many who have remained anonymous, young people who, at just under 14 years of age, sacrificed themselves to defend their homeland. Many of them are today in the Crypt of the Heroes, in the Presbítero Matías Maestro cemetery.
Meet the child heroes who gave their lives in the war against Chile.
He was 16 years old when he joined the ranks of the battle of San Juan, in Chorrillos. His parents were Juan Clivio, of Italian origin, and María de la Roca de Vergalo (sister of the famous 20th-century poet Nicanor of the Rock of Vergalo).
The teenager showed up at the Santa Catalina Barracks to enlist as a volunteer soldier and defend the city occupied by the Chilean army. He was part of the shot artillery unit and transferred to the first company commanded by Captain Hernando de Lavalle.
Before leaving for war, Clivio wrote a letter to his mother:
Saint Catherine, December 22, 1880
Dear mother, mother of my soul! I can’t go to eat with you because we’re leaving right away for the campaign. In this solemn moment I understand what you are going to suffer. Forgive me, my mother, if, blinded by the love of my country, I abandoned you. If I am lucky enough to return I will no longer separate from you and I will make you forget my ingratitude with my caresses. I return your recommendation to the superior chief, I have not been able to see him and you already know that I prefer to acquire the degrees than owe them to differences. If I don’t come back like this, you will present it to Mr. Piérola. He hugs my little brother; Grandma, Arturo and everyone. Don’t cry, I have a great soul, send me your blessing. Goodbye, goodbye, goodbye, I kiss you, hug you, and I suffer a lot for you. Bye Bye.
your son Isaiah
Started the battle, Isaías fought with more heart than experience and died riddled with bullets. In Barrios Altos, a street bears his name and the adolescent who fought for his country is remembered.
He was born in Callao, in 1868, the son of Juan Francisco Bonilla, who was the organizer of the Huáscar squadron in Chiclayo. He joined the ranks of the Peruvian Army at the age of 13, when he was a student at the Guadalupe school. He participated in Battalion No. 6, along with 280 combatants, under Narciso de la Colina, in Redoubt No. 3.
He fought fiercely in the Battle of Miraflores, in which he finally died due to the explosion of an artillery ammunition that destroyed him. His remains were never found.
Due to his bravery and noble deed, a sports center, a street and a school in the district of Miraflores bear his name. Likewise, in Parque Reducto No. 2 there is a sculpture of him.
A native of Cajamarca, he was born in 1868 and was the son of Armando Batanero and Norma Infantas. He was orphaned very young and traveled to Lima in 1879, a year before Chile declared war on Peru.
fuller he enlisted to join the army at the Santa Catalina barracks. He quickly rose to sergeant, at just 12 years old. The following year, he already had the rank of second lieutenant. With that young age he fought in the solar nose under the orders of Colonel Lorenzo Iglesias.
In 1882 he was already a lieutenant and formed the Free Corps of Trujillo. According to the war reports, during the offensive, Batanero contained a platoon of Chilean soldiers with only seven men and managed to buy time for the second division to arrive and thus win, in one of the few favorable war events for Peru. . In this confrontation the young man lost his life, being only 14 years old.
Together with Batanero, they also fought the Colonel Manuel Callirgos Manuel Cayo Anthony Sanchez the Captain Melgarejo and the Lieutenant Colonel Julio Cruzado.