Women, the great victim of psychological violence in the DR


The International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women Today is an ideal date to reflect, but above all to act in favor of a society that frees itself from all kinds of practices that can harm us, including that of women, in all its directions.

The Pontificia Universidad Católica Madre y Maestra (PUCMM), in collaboration with the Board to Help Cases of Battered Women (PACAM), conducted a study on the violence of an intimate partner in the Dominican Republic, which found that both men and women are victims of stalking in the same proportion; however, they are the main victims of psychological violencephysical and sexual.

Of the four main dimensions of the violence of intimate partner (psychological, physical, sexual and stalking), the psychological one is related to depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorders and suicidal ideation, and is defined as the use of verbal and non-verbal communication with the intention of harming another person mentally or emotionally, and exercise control. For example, that the person isolates her partner, prevents her access to money, work, and makes her feel that her companion is useless, are forms of psychological abuse.

The study also identified minorities of sexual orientation (lesbians, gays, and bisexuals), and people with a lower economic and educational level as risk groups that consistently show a higher level of violence of couple.

A society victim of stalking

https://resources.diariolibre.com/images/2022/11/24/la-mano-de-una-persona-8b3f6cc0.jpg

infographic

As a society we must seek solutions, together, to heal ourselves from this evil that affects us all. (FREEPIK)

“While it is true that women report more violencedoes not mean that men did not report it”, pointed out the PUCMM researcher, Luis Eduardo Garrido, who led the study with six other researchers. He also pointed out that the type of violence in which no differences were found between men and women, is the stalking.

Stalking is defined as a repeated pattern and unwanted contacting, which causes fear or concern for one’s own safety or that of another person close to them. in this kind of violencestatements such as “following me”, “haunting me outside the office or home” or “harassing me by text message” become familiar.

The research “Cross-cultural validation into Spanish of the Composite Abuse Scale, short version” was carried out by a team from both institutions, including the researcher of this PUCMM, Luis Eduardo Garrido, and the graduates Daniella Peñaló Sánchez and Cinthia Abreu Mariot. In addition, the president of PACAM, Evelyn Zoraya Lara Caba; Maite Frías Hiciano, Lisanna Pérez Estévez and Agustín Martínez Molina, researcher at the Autonomous University of Madrid.

Origin of the study

The research “Cross-cultural validation into Spanish of the Composite Abuse Scale, short version” was carried out by a team from both institutions, including the researcher of this PUCMM, Luis Eduardo Garrido, and the graduates Daniella Peñaló Sánchez and Cinthia Abreu Mariot. In addition, the president of PACAM, Evelyn Zoraya Lara Caba; Maite Frías Hiciano, Lisanna Pérez Estévez and Agustín Martínez Molina, researcher at the Autonomous University of Madrid.

In it was measured the violence intimate partner with a sample of 1,117 adults residing in the country, who were recruited between December 2021 and June 2022, and included women, men, sexual minorities, and groups with various educational and economic levels. The research is under review in the international Journal of Family Violence and is available in the Psyarxiv repository.

The study originated from a group of psychology students from this PUCMM, who decided to investigate the violence relationship and how it was related to mental health. Thus, they realized that there was no validated instrument in the country that could be applied to a population with different characteristics.

“We found that the vast majority of instruments of violence of intimate partners were created to measure the violence towards women, so its items do not apply to men and other groups. Also, many of them have been created for people with medium/high socioeconomic levels with statements that do not apply to other groups, for example, ‘he prevented me from accessing my bank account’ or ‘he took my car keys’”, explained the investigator.

It was when the team found an instrument for measuring the violence originated in Canada, called the Composite Abuse Scale (CAS), which did measure extended parameters. The study, first, consisted of obtaining the authorization of this instrument and revalidating that it could be translated and adapted to Spanish, with reliable results.

“From that, we obtained the permission, we went through the process of translation, adaptation and evaluation with expert judges. And then we apply the instrument with a general sample of the Dominican population,” added Garrido. It is from this adaptation that the country studies the violence couple intimate.

Source-www.diariolibre.com