Like every January 4, today is World Braille Day, a holiday that has been celebrated since 2019 with the aim of creating greater awareness about the importance of this means of communication for the full realization of human rights for blind and disabled people. visual deficiency.
The United Nations (UN) defines it as a tactile representation of alphabetic and numeric symbols that uses six points to represent each letter and number, and even musical, mathematical and scientific symbols.
“This writing system is used by blind or visually impaired people to read the same books and periodicals as printed ones for visual reading and to guarantee the communication of important information for themselves and others and represents competence, independence and equality”, points out. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), it is estimated that approximately 1.3 billion people live with some form of visual impairment globally (2021). In general, the agency points out, in the world there are at least 2.2 billion people with impaired near or distant vision.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) makes available to the public Write peace, a manual that invites children and young people from 8 to 18 years old to become aware of the interdependence of cultures through familiarization with contemporary writing systems, their history and their mutual contributions. The document provides a concrete introduction to many writing systems, including Braille. Available in Spanish, French, Arabic, English and Portuguese, it was written by Eric Cattelain, an expert in language and culture.